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Beekeeping Glossary

A B C D E F G H I L M N O P Q R S T U V W

Feeders

Various types of appliances for feeding bees artificially.

Fermenting Honey

Honey which contains too much water (greater than 20%) in which a chemical breakdown of the sugars takes place producing carbon dioxide and alcohol; caused by naturally-occurring osmophylic yeasts of the genus Saccharomeyces (formerly Zygosaccharomyces).

Fertilized

Usually refers to eggs laid by a queen bee, they are fertilized with sperm stored in the queen's spermatheca, in the process of being laid.

Festooning

The activity of young bees, engorged with honey, hanging on to each other and secreting beeswax.

Field Bees

Worker bees which are usually 21 or more days old and work outside to collect nectar, pollen, water and propolis; also called foragers.

Flight Path

Usually refers to the direction bees fly leaving their colony; if obstructed, may cause bees to become aggravated.

Forage

Natural food source of bees (nectar and pollen) from wild and cultivated flowers.

Foreign Matter

In honey, unusually high amounts of wax, bee bodies, pollen grains, or other objectionable debris.

Foulbrood, American

A malignant, contagious bacterial disease affecting bee larvae caused by a spore-forming bacteria Bacillus larvae.

Foulbrood, European

A serious, infectious larval disease of honey bees caused by Melissoccoccus pluton formerly Streptococcus pluton, a spore-forming bacteria.

Foundation, Wax

Thin sheets of beeswax embossed or stamped with the base of a worker (or rarely drone) cells on which bees will construct a complete comb (called drawn comb); also referred to as comb foundation, it comes wired or unwired.

Foundation, Wired

Comb foundation which includes evenly-spaced vertical wires for added support; used in brood or extracting frames.

Frame

Four pieces of wood forming a rectangle, designed to hold honey comb, consisting of a top bar, two end bars, and a bottom bar (one or two pieces); usually spaced a bee-space apart in the super.

Fructose

Fumagillin

Bicyclohexyl-ammonium fumagillin, whose trade name is Fumadil-B (Abbot Labs), is a whitish soluble antibiotic powder discovered in 1952; it is mixed with sugar syrup and fed to bees to control Nosema disease.

Fumeboard

A devise used to hold a set amount of a volatile chemical (A bee repellent like Bee Go) to drive bees from supers.