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Beekeeping Glossary


Cage Shipping

Also called a package, a screened box filled with 2 to 5 pounds of bees, with or without a queen, and supplied with a feeder can; used to start a new colony, or to boost a weak one.

Candy Plug

A fondant type candy placed in one end of a queen cage to delay her release.

Capped Brood

Immature bees whose cells have been sealed over with a brown wax cover by other worker bees; inside, the non-feeding larvae are isolated and can spin cocoons prior to pupating.

Capping Scratcher

A fork-like device used to remove wax cappings covering honey, so it can be extracted.


The thin wax covering over honey; once cut off of extracting frames they are referred to as cappings and are a source of premium beeswax.


A food (organic compound) composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen with the hydrogen:oxygen ratio frequently 2:1, as in water.

Carniolan Bees

A grayish race of honey bee Apis mellifera carnica named for Carniola, Austria but originating in the Balkan region; while they are gentle and do not propolize, they tend to swarm more than other races.

Caucasian Bees

A black race of honey bee A. mellifera caucasica, originating in the Caucasus Mountains; gentle but tend to propolize excessively.

Cell Cups

These are used in queen rearing. They can either be push in or base mount.

Cell Protectors

These are used in queen rearing. They can either be push in meaning they can be pushed into place anywhere on drawn comb or base mount meaning they hang between top bars of frames for easy insertion/retrieval.


A disease affecting bee larvae, caused by a fungus Ascosphaera apis, larvae eventually turn into hard, chalky white “mummies”.

Chimney Effect

The tendency for bees to fill only the center frames of honey supers; happens when bees are given too much room too fast.


A group of nuclear bodies (from the nucleus) containing genes; responsible for the differentiation and activity of a cell, and undergoing characteristic division stages such as mitosis.

Chunk Honey

Honey in the comb, but not in sections, frequently cut and packed into jars then filled with liquid honey.


A thin silk covering secreted by larval honey bees in their cells in preparation for pupation.

Colony Collapse Disorder (Or Ccd)

Is a phenomenon in which worker bees from a beehive or Western honey bee colony abruptly disappear. While such disappearances have occurred throughout the history of apiculture, the term colony collapse disorder was first applied to a drastic rise in the number of disappearances of Western honey bee colonies in North America in late 2006. Aside from fundamental concerns about the survival of bee species, colony collapse is significant because many agricultural crops worldwide are pollinated by bees.


The wax portion of a colony in which eggs are laid, and honey and pollen are stored.

Comb Honey

Honey in the wax combs, usually produced and sold as a separate unit, such as a wooden section 4-1/2” square, or a plastic round ring.

Comb, Drawn

Wax foundation with the cell walls drawn out by the bees, completing the comb.

Conical Escape

A cone-shaped bee escape, which permits bees, a one-way exit; used in a special escape board to free honey supers of bees.

Creamed Honey

Honey that has been pasteurized and undergone controlled granulation to produce a finely textured candied or crystallized honey which spreads easily at room temperature.


The transfer of pollen from the anther of one flower to the stigma of another flower of the same species.