A period of time when there is no available forage for bees, due to weather conditions (rain, drought) or time of year.
Also known as glucose (grape sugar), it is a simple sugar (or monosaccharide) and is one of the two main sugars found in honey; forms most of the solid phase in granulated honey.
A starch digesting enzyme in honey adversely affected by heat; used in some countries to test quality and heating history of stored honey.
The ability of an organism to avoid a particular disease; primarily due to genetic immunity or avoidance behavior.
Referring to a beehive comprised of two deep supers, one for brood and one for honey.
The movement of bees that have lost their location and enter other hives; common when hives are placed in long straight rows where returning foragers from the center hives tend to drift to the row ends.
The male honeybee which comes from an unfertilized egg (and is therefore haploid) laid by a queen or less commonly, a laying worker.
Brood, which matures into drones, reared in cells larger than worker brood.
Drone Congregating Area (Dca)
A specific area to which drones fly waiting for virgin queens to pass by; it is not known how or when they are formed, but drones return to the same spots year after year.
A drone laying queen or laying workers.
Drone Laying Queen
A queen that can lay only unfertilized eggs, due to age, improper or no mating, disease or injury.