Not fully formed, such as a worker, considered an imperfect female.
Incapable of producing a fertilized egg, as a laying worker.
Antibacterial effect of honey caused by an accumulation of hydrogen peroxide, a result of the chemistry of honey.
A series of injections given to persons with allergies (such as bee venom) so they might build up an immunity.
An insulating cover fitting on top of the top super but underneath the outer cover, with an oblong hole in the center.
Any chemical that kills insects.
Persons usually employed by state agriculture departments to inspect colonies of bees for diseases and pests.
An enzyme in honey, which splits the sucrose molecule (a disaccharide) into its two components dextrose and levulose (monosaccharides).
A bacterial enzyme used to convert glucose in corn syrup into fructose, which is a sweeter sugar; called isomerose, is now used as a bee feed.
A common race of bees, Apis mellifera ligustica, with brown and yellow bands, from Italy; usually gentle and productive, but tend to rob.