The jaws of an insect; used by bees to form the honey comb and scrape pollen, in fighting and picking up hive debris.
From the mother's side of the family.
A combination of the Caucasian and Carniolan races.
An outer cover used without an inner cover that does not telescope over the sides of the hive; used by commercial beekeepers who frequently move hives.
In honey, the percentage of water should be no more than 18.6; any percentage higher than that will allow honey to ferment.
A frame constructed in such a way to preserve the bee space, so they can be easily removed; when in place, it remains unattached to its surroundings.
A framed screen that fits over the top as a hive cover; used to move bees in hot weather to provide sufficient ventilation to keep bees from suffocating.