Short flights taken in front and in the vicinity of the hive by young bees to acquaint them with hive location; sometimes mistaken for robbing or swarming preparations.
The minimum pressure that must be applied to a solution to prevent it from gaining water when it is separated from pure water by a permeable membrane; in honey, its ability to absorb water from the air or other microscopic organisms, about 2000 milliosmoles/kg.
The last cover that fits over a hive to protect it from rain; the two most common kinds are telescoping and migratory covers.
Also called out apiary, it is an apiary kept at some distance from the home or main apiary of a beekeeper; usually over a mile away from the home yard.
The egg producing part of a plant or animal.
An immature female germ cell, which develops into a seed.
An antibiotic sold under the trade name Terramycin; used to control American and European foulbrood diseases.