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Beekeeping Glossary

A B C D E F G H I L M N O P Q R S T U V W

Parthenogenesis

The development of young from unfertilized eggs laid by virgin females (queen or worker); in bees, such eggs develop into drones.

Pdb (Paradichlorobenzene)

A white crystalline substance whose vapors are heavier than air and are used to fumigate wax moths in stored hive bodies. Sold under the trade name Para-Moth.

Play Flights

Short flights taken in front and in the vicinity of the hive by young bees to acquaint them with hive location; sometimes mistaken for robbing or swarming preparations.

Poison Sac

Large oval sac containing venom and attached to the anterior (front) part of the sting; stores venom produced by the poison gland, and its primary ingredients are peptide and mellitin.

Pollen

The dust-like male reproductive cells (gametophytes) of flowers, formed in the anthers, and important as a protein source for bees; pollen is essential for bees to rear brood.

Pollen Basket

Pollen Pellets

The cakes of pollen packed in the leg baskets of bees and transported back to the colony.

Pollen Substitute

A food material which is used to substitute wholly for pollen in the bees' diet; usually contains all or part of soy flour, brewers' yeast, wheast, powdered sugar, or other ingredients.

Pollen Trap

A device for collecting the pollen pellets from the hind legs of worker bees; usually forces the bees to squeeze through a screen mesh, which scrapes off the pellets.

Pollen Tube

A slender thread-like growth, containing sperm cells, which penetrates the female tissue (stigma) of a flower until it eventually reaches the ovary; there the sperm cells unite with the ovule.

Pollination

The transfer of pollen from the anthers to the stigma of flowers.

Porter Bee Escape

Introduced in 1891, the escape is a device that allows the bees a one-way exit between two thin and pliable metal bars that yield to the bees' push; used to free honey supers of bees but may clog since drone bees often get stuck.

Propolis

Plant resins collected and modified by bees; used to fill in small spaces inside the hive.

Propolize

To fill with propolis, or bee glue; used to strengthen the comb and seal cracks, it also has antimicrobial properties.

Protein

Naturally occurring complex organic substances, such as pollen; composed of amino acids, the building blocks of protein.

Pupa

The third stage in the development of the bee during which it is inactive and sealed in its cocoon; the organs of the sealed in its cocoon; the organs of the larva are replaced by those which will be used as an adult.