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Beekeeping Glossary

A B C D E F G H I L M N O P Q R S T U V W

Sacbrood

A brood disease of bees caused by a filterable virus which interferes with the molting process; the dead larva resembles a bag of fluid.

Screened Ventilated Board

A framed screen used to cover the top of a hive being moved in hot weather.

Sections

Small wooden (or plastic) boxes used to produce comb honey.

Self-Pollination

The act of a single flower, or flower from the same plant, pollinating itself.

Self-Sterile

The inability of a flower, such as a fruit tree, to be fertilized within its own variety; it is only fertilized by pollen from another variety.

Settling Tank

A large capacity container used to settle extracted honey; air bubbles and debris will float to the top, clarifying the honey.

Skep

A beehive without moveable frames, usually made of twisted straw in the form of a basket; its use is illegal in the U.S.

Slumgum

The refuse from melted combs and cappings after the wax has been rendered or removed; usually contains cocoons, pollen, bee bodies and dirt.

Small Hve Beeth (Or Shb)

The small hive beetle can be a destructive pest of honey bee colonies, causing damage to comb, stored honey and pollen. If a beetle infestation is sufficiently heavy, they may cause bees to abandon their hive. Its absence can also be a marker in the diagnosis of Colony Collapse Disorder for honey-bees. The beetles can also be a pest of stored combs, and honey (in the comb) awaiting extraction. Beetle larvae may tunnel through combs of honey, feeding and defecating, causing discoloration and fermentation of the honey.

Smoker

A metal container with attached bellows which burns organic fuels to generate smoke; used to control aggressive behavior of bees during colony inspections.

Solar Wax Melter Or Extractor

A glass-covered insulated box used to melt wax from combs and cappings using the heat of the sun.

Sperm Cells

The male reproductive cells (gametes) which fertilize eggs; also called spermatozoa.

Spermatheca

A small sac connected with the oviduct (vagina) of the queen bee in, which is stored, the spermatozoa received in mating with drones.

Split

To divide a colony for the purpose of increasing the number of hives.

Starline Hybrid

An Italian bee hybrid known for vigor and honey production.

Stigma

Receptive portion of the female part of a flower to which pollen adheres.

Sting

An organ belonging exclusively to female insects developed from egg laying mechanisms, used to defend the colony; modified into a piercing shaft through which venom is injected.

Sting Sac

Straining Screen

A metal or plastic screen through which honey is filtered; also serves as a base for other, finer screening material.

Sugar Syrup

Feed for bees, containing sucrose or table (cane) sugar and hot water in various ratios.

Super

A receptacle in which bees store honey; usually placed over or above the brood nest; so called brood supers contain brood.

Supering

The act of placing honey supers on a colony in expectation of a honey flow.

Supersedure

Rearing a new queen to replace the mother queen in the same hive; shortly after the daughter queen begins to lay eggs, the mother queen disappears.

Surplus Honey

Any extra honey removed by the beekeeper, over and above what the bees require for their own use, such as winter food stores.

Swarm

A collection of bees, containing at least one queen that split apart from the mother colony to establish a new one; a natural method of propagation of honey bees.

Swarming Season

The time of year, usually mid-summer, when swarms usually issue.